tv BBC World News America PBS February 21, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PST
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. tonight, there is a deal in place to end the violence in ukraine, but the million-dollar question is -- will it hold? three months after the protests began, the president signed an agreement with opposition leaders to stop the clashes between protesters and police. this week alone, more than 75 people have been killed and hundreds more injured. duer the plan mediated by foreign ministers, presidential elections will move forward to december, but a coalition government will be formed in 10 days. our european editor reports from tf -- from kiev. afternoon, they carried the coffins of some of those who had been shot into independence
square. crowd who had supported the antigovernment protest shouted, "heroes!" their faces, the agony of seeing 77 people killed in two days of violence. when the was the day opposition came under huge international pressure to agree a deal with a president many here regard as the enemy. the day had begun with the frenetic opening of new defenses. streetsprized from the past hand in and antigovernment attacks byul of new the police. even as they build, they knew talks were underway with president viktor yanukovych, and they were wary of any
compromise. >> i think the deal is not working because they are criminals. no deals with criminals, and no deals with terrorists. >> this was a police unit joining the opposition disgusted at the violence. >> what happened yesterday was the last drop of patience for people, for police officers, and we are here to fight against shedding of more blood. >> today, the two sides -- protesters and police -- continue to eye each other makeshift fortifications. it was just up the road that yesterday, much of the feuding took place. many of these protesters have been working throughout the night to rebuild their barricades, their front line. this is the first time they have done it. when you talk to them here, they thatbsolutely determined
the president stands down and stands down quickly. >> in the parliament, government and opposition in the -- mp's have to be kept apart, but whilst they were lunging at each other, a group of foreign ministers was shuffling back and forth, negotiating a deal to end the violence. finally, after marathon talks, the two sides signed. the opposition had been warned by an eu minister that the alternative was martial law, so a deal was agreed, ushering in new elections, a coalition government, and a reduction in the president's powers. >> i'm satisfied it's the best agreement that could be had and that it gives ukraine a chance , to reform, peace and two, hopefully, resume its way toward europe. >> but when the opposition
leaders returned to independence square, there was no celebration. drownedhe leaders was and cries of "traitor." yes, ukraine has an agreement, but not much trust on either side. under this deal, protesters are meant to withdraw from all of the buildings they have occupied. you think they will? think itainly do not will happen soon. i think the mood is wary, cautious. i think they have seen things go wrong before, and there is another factor here -- not everybody believes in this deal. indeed, there are some amongst the protesters who believe they in order to further get the president to stand down immediately. that having been said, there are quite a lot of people who believe this is, as the international community has been saying, the best moment to make in order to avoid a
crackdown. one of the key opposition leaders was quite frank about it and said, "i signed up for this deal not necessarily because it delivers everything, but as a way of stopping the violence." to appreciates there are differing views among some of the people who have been filling the square behind me. >> says the deal leaves unresolved the question of where ukraine's center of gravity is? is it moving toward russia or toward europe? >> i think it does leave that unresolved. a great tug of war has been going on, but if we were to try to work out winners and losers, there is not an absolute winner or loser, but it is clear that the president has had to make concessions. there will be elections -- not assumed, perhaps, as the protesters had hoped for. they will revert back to an earlier constitution, which will reduce his powers, and i think,
therefore, the center of gravity has tilted a little bit towards europe, but i think we will have to wait and see over the next few days the extent to which this is implemented, and that's why i believe that the international community has to stay very engaged, very focused in order to demonstrate almost to both sides that this deal will work. >> independence square in tf has been the focus of the crisis with thousands of protesters camped out over the last reminds , but it's not the only place that has seen violence. several other cities have seen protests flare against the government. our correspondent has been speaking to some of those caught up in the fighting. count their martyrs in ukraine's western heartland, those killed in the protests in kiev. this is where opposition to viktor yanukovych is strongest.
the city has historically looked west, not east, and it's under the control of our testers. they say the political deal will not wash here unless the president steps down now. but at what cost? maria lives here with her 28-year-old fiancée. he was a phd student who fought and died for change, killed by a sniper on tuesday. >> our state would change and merit a new state. ukraine.er
he died for freedom. i don't want to live in fear. how to accept it . >> she grew up as an independent ukraine was born. now her country has been fractured and her life torn. can the wounds of this week ever be healed? ago withe a brief time the former u.s. ambassador to ukraine. he is now at the brookings institution.
ambassador, ukraine really stared into the abyss this week. do you think the deal will prevent the country from falling in? >> that remains to be seen. certainly, yesterday, it was on the edge of chaos and anarchy, and today has been the best news day in ukraine this week as there appears to be an agreement that provides a path forward if all sides adhere to it and if all sides implement it, but as you heard from your correspondent, there's a lot of unhappiness with this, and it's that therstandable people who were on the central square yesterday who were being shot at by officers of the police with automatic rifles -- they want to see the president out. the question is -- can they overcome that and say, "this is a deal that gets us on the path towards a peaceful resolution, towards a stronger democracy, and back on the course toward europe?" >> that's the big question.
elections were due to be held in march. that's not a huge concession, is it, to bring them forward by a few months? >> it brings them forward, but the more important concessions and agreements are, for example, the change in the constitution going back to the constitution of 2004. the shift power away from the president back toward the parliament and prime minister and make the prime minister less dependent on the president. my assumption is within 10 days, the agreement calls for a national unity government. presumably, the opposition will choose -- or certainly, the person who becomes prime minister is going to be acceptable to them. that kind of balance of power gives them a basis to begin changing things even if the election does not happen until the end of the year. >> what you think will happen if the archrival of the president is released from prison? >> that's a big question. yuliya tama xingu -- yulia ty
moshenko went to jail on the basis of bogus charges. she should be free. i assume that will happen shortly. when she comes back as a political figure, how can she interact with the three opposition leaders who are there? will she work together in a way that strengthens the opposition, or will they produce some discord? >> the russian mediator refused to sign this deal. that's ominous, isn't it? >> that bothers me. the russian observer did initial the draft agreement along with three eu foreign ministers, but apparently after a phone call to moscow, when it came time to sign as witnesses, he was nowhere to be seen and did not sign. my guess is that the russians are trying to figure out what this agreement means in terms of russian interest in the ukraine, and if it's implemented in a way takes the foreign minister to peace, democracy, and back
towards europe, that last part will not go over well in russia. >> stephen pieper speaking to me earlier about hopes for peace in ukraine after a bloody week. in other news now from around the world, the italian centerleft leader has formally accepted the mandate to lead a new government a week after he forced the previous holder of the office out. he will be the youngest premier at 39. he will be formally sworn in on saturday. crashed iny plan has tunisia, killing all 11 people on board. investigators say it was because of engine failure. fivelane was carrying libyan patients for hospital treatment in tunisia. according to international media, and militant separatist group has begun to decommission a small quantity of guns and explosives two years after the group all for a definitive end
to hostilities against spain's government. video passed exclusively to the bbc by an intermediary shows what the verifiers hope is the start of the process of complete disarmament. conditions of great secrecy, masked militants lay out a few of their weapons for inspection by international verifiers. they are trying to build on the commitment to abandon violence with a disarmament process. handedmages were exclusively to the bbc in london by an intermediary. say these guns and explosives have been put beyond use. they call it a hugely important first step. formed overtion was 50 years ago under spain's dictator to fight a fast independence.
a huge war in madrid killed spain's prime minister. this killing in sure whole world took notice. the bloody past left over 800 people dead. in 1959, it was founded trying to win basque independence. name means basque fatherland and freedom. in 1980, militants killed 118 people in spain, its deadliest year. murders and bombings continued. in 2001, the european union declared a terrorist organization, a significant victory for the spanish government. .0 years later, this happened when members made the commitment to abandon our struggle, they had already been all but defeated by waves of arrests and the refusal of the government in madrid to negotiate with them. since then, the spanish authorities have been forced to release some prisoners by the
european court of human rights, but hundreds more are still behind bars. >> the northern ireland peace talks have ended with an historic agreement. >> after the success of northern ireland's peace agreement, several key players offered adams,on including gerry who welcomes today's development. for some time have been working with our friends. i am convinced that they are serious. i think this is another indication of the seriousness and a democratic and peaceful way of going forward. >> button to move has been dismissed by spain's interior minister as a theatrical exercise. he sets pains security forces, not verifiers, defeated the organization. >> you are watching "bbc world news america." tomorrow, she will compete for olympic glory.
tonight, we hear from a canadian snowboarder who turned in her skis and won a spot in sochi. these days, practically our every move can be tracked by technology, but could all of that information create pricey -- privacy concerns as well? >> he has been capturing his entire life for nearly eight years with this small camera that takes photographs every few seconds. the i.t. researcher says this is the next evolution of the internet. >> we are working on developing a search engine, just like google indexes 100 billion webpages makes the search engine available to you, we are looking at indexing all the information we can get about a person and make a search engine available
for them. information and a search engine for yourself and a private manner. >> few places can store such data let alone analyze it, even as cameras have become smaller and more affordable, but other devices are popping up. this is my attempt to track my life. i wear one of these -- a wristband, and it tracks my activity levels, and i also have one of these, which is an internet-connected set of weighing scales. all the information these devices collect goes on to my smart device. .t is a great motivational tool it's estimated some 20 million wearable devices will be shipped this year. it also raises troubling questions about our privacy, but tracking our every move is the new data gold rush.
>> today, president obama welcomed the dollar, -- the dalai lama to the white house. beijing said it was gross interference in china's domestic politics. >> thank you so much for joining us. barack obama said he would like to see direct talks between the lama's representatives and china. is that likely to happen? >> he would be happy to talk any time. they've had a few close calls, but the chinese shona mood right now. just in the last few days, the leading spokesman on the subject in the chinese national people's
congress made some very hard-line remarks about not dealing at all with the dalai la ma. >> what do you think president obama's meeting with the dalai lama achieves? >> it shows the united data retains a strong interest in the preservation of tibetan culture, religious freedom, and human rights, and this has been pretty consistent for the last few presidents. lama onissed the dalai a previous visit. not to see him would have been seen as perhaps a weakening of american support, so this was perhaps an opportunity to express it, but it was done in a rather low-key fashion. >> it was indeed. is that a nod to chinese sensitivity? >> it's a nod to the way we have done things generally. he's not a state leader or political leader. he's received in the capacity of a normal state religious leader.
>> this is the third time barack obama has met the dalai lama. has america paid a price? >> we had a price in 2010 when obama met him shortly after going on a state visit to china, up china started freezing some things. more recently, they have not done that. i think they tend to go after entries they think are weak and vulnerable, and they do not see the united states in quite that position. within the tibetan exile movement, there are different strands, some multicultural, more violent, or in-your-face kind of approach. the dalai lama has always preached the so-called middle way, which is to try to reason with chinese communists and try to win their support for to that and autonomy. >> are there any circumstances under which china would grant greater autonomy for tibet? , perhaps,e road
historically, we might see something, but in the near-term, i think it is moving in the opposite direction. asthe dalai lama himself this huge figure. >> wonderfully charming individual, great moral authority. it you go to to that, as i have done, you will know he is deeply respected by the people to that, both for his religious position and his personality. >> now to sochi, where the winter olympics are in full swing. tomorrow, snowboarder caroline takes to the slopes with dreams of reaching the final stand. she did not start snowboarding competitively until her early 20's. the 35-year-old hopes she will strike gold in russia. recently, she shared her story with us. >> i remember being 13 and watching my best friend on the andonal racing team thinking, "she's so lucky, so lucky to be part of a group."
i remember at 13 thinking, "i'm way too old to start racing." then i discovered snowboarding when i was about 16. i was at that point a ski jumper. snowboarding was something i could do on the hill that was different. good, said i was really and there was that but also that little speck of a dream. snowboarding is a young sport, so it does not have all the tradition skiing has. at 13, i was too old to start competing in skiing, but at 22, i was not too old to snowboard. i tree planted mostly in northern ontario.
you have to plant as many as you can. if i did between 4000 or 5000 trees a day, that was a good day. for me, it was my first experience where i kind of discovered that i was competitive, that i could be competitive, and that's what fueled me to plant those 5000 trees a day or 4000 trees a day. when someone told me, "you should start racing and snowboarding," it was not so foreign, the idea of me being competitive. in vancouver, it was horrible. the weather was terrible. it was a great experience, fantastic to be in my own country, too, but it was pouring rain. you could not see anything. it was just a miserable day for racing, and we could not train prior to our event. i think i made it my main focus to be ready to deal with the unexpected in sochi. for theine on her path
olympics. good luck to her tomorrow. that brings today's broadcast to a close. you can continue watching for constant updates around the world. thanks for watching. see you back here next week. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank, >> at union bank, our
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